Petroleum, oil, and natural gas are the biggest selling commodity in the world. Due to which a race has been set up to find the new sources of natural gas and petroleum. A petroleum engineer is needed to find these resources, and retrieve them from earth using proper techniques and finally process them.


·       Petroleum engineer is expected to search for new ways to increase and improve the production of gas and oil by continuous research and design in this field.

·       Petroleum engineer look for new sources of natural gas and petroleum.

·       Petroleum engineer plan and monitors the complete process of removing oil and natural gas from the earth.

·       Petroleum engineer selects the site, supervise the workers in drilling and take test samples of the oil and then they decide which method will be best suited for removing oil or natural gas from the ground.

·       Petroleum engineer choose whether advanced tools are necessary for removing gas or oil from earth or typical tools will be sufficient.

·       Petroleum engineer decides and selects the best method to bring oil or gas cheaply to the surface.

·       Petroleum engineer tries to avoid oil spills as they pollute water and shorelines especially when drilling is being done offshore.

·       Petroleum engineer also monitors the starting period of processing of natural gas. This is the most crucial stage that needs good supervision

·       Petroleum engineer also helps in researching new ways to get greater amount of natural gas and petroleum from earth.


1.    Petroleum engineer should hold a bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering or some equivalent degree.

2.    Petroleum engineer may hold an undergraduate degree in an earth science such as mining, geology, tectonics or geophysics.

3.    Petroleum engineers who aspire to research and instruct at universities should have a master’s or doctoral degree (Ph.D.).


a)   A petroleum engineer is expected to estimate the cost and production capabilities of the potential sites.

b)   A petroleum engineer is expected to estimate the economic value of gas wells and oil from the possible drilling sites.

c)    A petroleum engineer is expected to observe production and plan new processes to increase production.

d)   A petroleum engineer is expected to evaluate the available data so as to suggest the best site for placing of wells and monitor initial processes to improve production.

e)    A petroleum engineer is expected to monitor and define modification programs so as to increase gas and oil production.

f)     A petroleum engineer should supervise the assessment and fulfillment of well testing, wells and well surveys.

g)   A petroleum engineer should help engineers and other professionals to resolve the problems.

h)   A petroleum engineer should make, improve, and expand plans for gas field and oil drilling.

i)      A petroleum engineer should maintain a detailed record of production and drilling operations for future reference.

j)      A petroleum engineer should assign proper work to his staff to get maximum output from them.

k)   A petroleum engineer should efficiently organize the installation, preservation, and working of oil and mining field tools and machines.

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